THE POWER STRUGGLE OF THE QUEENS

If we ignore the environmental conditions, the survival of a hive/colony consisting of an average of 100,000 bees depends on one thing: the queen bee!


The queen directs the organization of this crowded team.Undoubtedly, some special skills are needed to perform this very difficult and risky task that makes a queen a queen. Unfortunately, being born a Queen does not guarantee power. The presence of another queen that appears out of nowhere brings with it a tough power struggle, and this struggle will of course have at least one loser.


In this week's Sunday reading series, we summarize the process from the birth of the queen bee to her seizure of power and eventual removal from office.


Queen's birth


Just like other bees, queens are born from one of the cells of the comb, but it is decided that she will be a queen while she is still an egg. Privilege begins as soon as the decision is made. While other larvae feed mostly on honey and pollen, our queen is reared by being fed abundantly and exclusively on royal jelly. At the end of an average of 16 days, she opens her eyes to the world in her specially prepared queen bed. Her first act will be to kill other queens who threaten his power. She uses her needle for this. It destroys newborn or nascent queens one by one – after all, each hive has only one queen!


After adolescence, which lasts for about 1 week, she embarks on the first of the two flights she will make in her life: the mating flight. As a matter of fact, the second exit from the hive; it is only the flight where the deposed queens leave the colony behind. We will talk about this in the next sections. Attracting drones with the pheromone she secretes to mate, the queen leaves the hive and flaps her wings as high as possible. The aim of this mating flight, which can be reached at a height of 40 meters, is to eliminate the large number of drones. Thus, it identifies the strongest of the drones, in other words the drones who deserve gene transfer, and mates with them. In the end, there is still a winner and a loser. Queen bee; While returning to the hive with 10 million sperm in the egg sac, the drones died there.

When the queen returns to the hive and begins to lay eggs regularly, she is now the sole holder of power. It lays 150 to 200 thousand eggs per day in the honeycomb cells. With the pheromone it secretes, it distributes the duties within the hive and controls what happens. In short, she dominates the entire operation of the colony with all her might.


While an ordinary worker bee lives for 42 days, the queen bee can live up to 5 years. Well, do you think this order will continue until the queen dies? The answer it's question is most likely no.


Struggle of Power


Although the operation so far indicates that the colony is governed by absolute monarchy, in fact, the democratic structure is always preserved in the background. As the queen ages, disruptions in general functioning, especially egg laying irregularities, cause unrest throughout the colony. The queen's reflexes are weakens. The hive needs an active queen, and one day (without the queen's knowledge) the verdict is made: a new queen is needed! History has repeated.


Preparations for a new queen begin. One of the suitable eggs is selected and carefully fed by the caregivers. At the end of 16 days, the new queen will be born and take power. In this case, the former queen is left with only one option: to leave the hive. After all, each hive has only one queen!


Leaving Home


The old queen leaves the hive before the new queen is born. We can say that she will not enter the war she will lose. With a group of bees to accompany her, the preparations for the second and final flight begin. This is an irreversible journey. A new hive can be, tree hole, rock hole, etc. But the time it takes to find a new home is uncertain. Therefore, in order to survive, first a large amount of honey is consumed and then flight begins. This splitting event is known as "Son-giving" in Turkish. Although at first glance it seems to be the result of a power struggle, it can also be considered as a kind of proliferative behavior. It is common in the spring months when the weather is warm and food sources are abundant.


While the group, which left the hive with the deposed queen, waits temporarily in any place, some pioneer bees explore the environment. Alternative shelters/nests with water and food sources suitable for sustaining future life are found by these pioneer bees. After the reconnaissance flights, the colony is informed, and after the general evaluation, they are on the way to the new nest where they decided to live.


As a result, both queens will continue to rule their respective colonies in their own way. Do you think it can be defined as a kind of Velvet Revolution that the old queen chose not to fight with the new queen but to leave from hive?


We include Viva La Vida, which we think can be a suitable fund for this content, below for you. Happy sunday.


I used to rule the world, Seas would rise when I gave the word Now in the morning I sleep alone, Sweep the streets I used to own


I used to roll the dice, Feel the fear in my enemy's eyes Listen as the crowd would sing, "Now the old king is dead! Long live the king!"


One minute I held the key, Next the walls were closed on me I discovered that my castles stand, Upon pillars of salt and pillars of sand

































0 comments

Recent Posts

See All