Trees of Ida with a thousand rivers: Oak

The oak, which symbolizes power, might and divinity with its majestic appearance, is one of the “sacred” trees that have found a place in the belief systems of many ancient cultures. So much so that in Greek mythology, the forest nymph “Dryad” (Greek: Δρυάδες) is associated with the Greek word meaning “oak”. In this week's Sunday Reading Series, we are talking about Oaks, one of the oldest, most common and perhaps most sacred trees on our planet, with a history of 65 million years. Enjoy readings.

Although the oak, the Latin equivalent of which is 'quercus', is a species that has been used throughout history for its superior quality and was destroyed for this reason, it still has a large area. of distribution in the world with its 400 species. It can live cultivated on all continents, from the equator to the polar circles and at 3,500 meters above sea level. It grows slowly but lives a long time. Oaks with a lifespan of 1000 years can reach 45 meters.

Many species of oak give the impression of being extremely majestic and lasting in appearance. With its deep roots, wide trunk and strong branches; It is one of the most resistant trees to snow, storms and similar natural events. The appearance of its balanced branches, thick and dark, even leafy in summer, reinforces the power and strength of the oak. They can give shoots from roots and stumps even at a very advanced age. Although they cannot stand to live in the shade of other trees due to their "heliophilic" (light loving) character, they allow many plants to settle and live under their own branches. This state, which protects other plants, undoubtedly increases the splendor of the oak.

Sacred of ancient civilizations

With all of these characteristics listed above, the oak has been considered "sacred" in the beliefs of many societies since ancient times. Throughout history, in addition to meeting the physical needs of human beings, ıt has also found a fundamental place in human inner world. The feelings of respect, love, admiration and gratitude towards the forest, which often mingle with fear, have caused trees to be attributed divine traits.

In ancient times, the "oak" was identified with the body of the goddess, and the "oak" with the womb of the goddess. While the statues of the mother goddess are made of oak wood; the oracles made prophecies by interpreting the sounds of oak leaves blowing in the wind. Homer, the great poet of Greek mythology, says that "when the rain wets the oaks, the fairies rejoice" and oak patterns are found on precious stones. Even after the adoption of Christianity, the tradition of worshiping oaks continued into the eleventh century in Germany and into the sixteenth century in Lithuania, despite severe prohibitions by some popes. in Manchuria, the oak is defined as the tree of kindness. For this reason, there are oak trees around almost all of the temples. The real Turkish equivalent of oak is "kabaağaç". The word rude here is rather ostentatious, beautiful, and used in the sense of strong.

Oak in All Areas of Life

For our hunter-gatherer ancestors, who used to know tree bark as a home, with the discovery of fire, oak; It turned into a source of heat and light, was used as a residential building material in settled life, paint was obtained with pelit fruit, floor and wall decorations were made, it was used in furniture production in the later periods, it continued its existence in various fields ranging from wine barrels to agricultural tools, from construction to shipping. As a matter of fact, it is a precious raw material that is still sought after in the modern age.

There are 18 species of oak tree in Turkey. Kaz Mountains; It is one of the important regions that host oak trees with its stemless oak and Hungarian oak species. In Homer's Iliada, Mount Ida, known today as Mount Ida, is described as "the mother of wild animals with abundant springs".

The rivers formed by the melting snow from the high peaks of the Kaz Mountains, the majestic trees including the oaks reaching to the sky and the favorable climate have ensured that this ancient geography has a unique ecosystem.

Healing Dark Honey

The most important feature of the oaks found in the Kaz Mountains is that it contributes to the healing content of Dark Honey, which is among the most distinguished honeys in the world. With its dark caramel color, intense and aromatic structure, Kaz Mountain Dark Honey offers much more than just a gastronomic pleasure. The standard value of 300 mg/kg proline, known as an indicator of purity and quality in honey, is over 1000 mg/kg in Kaz Mountain Dark Honey. Similarly, the total phenol content approached the upper limit of 1300 mg/kg. Beyond being a high quality honey with its values, Black Honey is a source of healing; It contains extracts of oak, chestnut, linden and endemic plants specific to the region. In the summer months, the bees collect the secretion formed in the pelite of the oak tree and bring healing to their hives.

According to Greek Mythology, it should not be a coincidence that Zeus, the father of the gods, was fed by honey bees in his infancy and his sacred tree was an oak. If you come across an oak tree in the Troas Region, which includes the Kaz Mountains; It is useful to remember how many centuries it has been there, what civilizations it has seen, the animals it hosts, the plants it allows to live in its shade. You're probably looking at a centuries-old and silent Earth witness.

We include the piece of Maurizio Lucchett, which we think may be a suitable fund for this article, below for you.


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